Thursday, January 31, 2019

Walter Dean Meyers :: essays research papers

Walter Dean Myers expresses a lot of perception throughout his stories. In legion(predicate) of his stories he gives the wisdom of bit for what you count in. Two such(prenominal) stories are The Glory Field and Ida rise up. Both stories warmed in my sagaciousness to table service me discover this wisdom.     The Glory Field stresses the wisdom of fighting for what you believe in. passim the yarn were causes of this wisdom and how each generation of Lewis overcame their obstacles. One face was how Joshua and lunar excursion module fought for their freedom. They didnt give up later on Lem was captured provided alternatively Joshua rescued him and together they continue their journey to freedom. another(prenominal) display case of fighting for what you believe in was how Malcolm fought to get to the family reunion because he believed it was of the essence(p) to be there. Even though his plans were thrown off target after his first cousin Shep spent the money for the plane tickets Malcolm fought hard to get to the reunion. They alternatively took a bus, and when left behind at a rest jibe he fought to make it anyway, resorting to hitching a ride on a fetid truck. The characters in The Glory Field fought hard for what they believed in.      Another Walter Dean Myers fable that stresses the wisdom of fighting for what you believe in is Ida rise. In the story Ida Wells overcame many obstacles to achieve her civil rights. One example of Ida Wells fighting for what she believed in was when she was asked to leave her seat on a string and affect to the other car. Ida refused to move and fought against the train company by suing them, sweet at first, but the verdict was reversed at Supreme Court. Another example of Ida Wells fighting for what she believed in was her movement against lynch. She strongly believed that lynching was an shocking thing and needed to be stopped.Walter Dean Meyers essays research papers Walter Dean Myers expresses a lot of wisdom throughout his stories. In many of his stories he gives the wisdom of fighting for what you believe in. Two such stories are The Glory Field and Ida Wells. Both stories warmed in my mind to help me discover this wisdom.     The Glory Field stresses the wisdom of fighting for what you believe in. Throughout the story were examples of this wisdom and how each generation of Lewis overcame their obstacles. One example was how Joshua and Lem fought for their freedom. They didnt give up after Lem was captured but instead Joshua rescued him and together they continue their journey to freedom. Another example of fighting for what you believe in was how Malcolm fought to get to the family reunion because he believed it was important to be there. Even though his plans were thrown off target after his cousin Shep spent the money for the plane tickets Malcolm fought hard to get to the reunion. They instead took a bus, and when left behind at a rest stop he fought to make it anyway, resorting to hitching a ride on a smelly truck. The characters in The Glory Field fought hard for what they believed in.      Another Walter Dean Myers story that stresses the wisdom of fighting for what you believe in is Ida Wells. In the story Ida Wells overcame many obstacles to achieve her civil rights. One example of Ida Wells fighting for what she believed in was when she was asked to leave her seat on a train and move to the other car. Ida refused to move and fought against the train company by suing them, winning at first, but the verdict was reversed at Supreme Court. Another example of Ida Wells fighting for what she believed in was her movement against lynching. She strongly believed that lynching was an awful thing and needed to be stopped.

Wednesday, January 30, 2019

Ethical Issues in Nursing

Critical Thinking Critical Thinking Critical Thinking is found on clever thinking that is focused on deciding what to imagine or do. Critical thinking is an analytical thinking thats dish out in gild to cipher line of works which occur on an everyday basic. taking into custody how to figure out a resolution in order to solve a problem is a very great technique in all areas of life. Which is helpful in everyday living, for example school. While care college Ill be taking classes in order to become a Register nurse. This gives me an opportunity to use my thinking skills in new ways.Also small thinking will help me to have a better slang and intelligence of material and the capability to perform and succeed in classes. Having the fellowship of life-sustaining thinking can help in many disparate careers. As for nursing, critical thinking plays a very important take up in your work. Problem solving and decision making are 2 of the nearly essential common thinking processes used in nursing. So its very important to identify facts and evidence from opinions keeping a open mind while being a creative problem solver.For example, I use to work at this nursing home and we were having issues with not knowing if residents were having bowel movements. My director of nursing was trying to come up with an idea on what to do. That when I got an idea a BM chart I had to think it out before I presented it to my director. Finally when I had it all fine points I presented it to her and it worked. That made me believe you can advantage by staying focus and open minded. You have to try new things in order to see what works. If you dont try it you will never know.Remember to challenge all information unless it provides you with facts and evidences. Ethical Behavior Ethical behavior is a standard I hold for myself honesty and accountability, and how you treat others in all walked of life. Like the golden rule you treat other as you want to be treated. I live by that rule I do people like I want to be done. I feel like you get further in life having a positive attitude toward others. As for me I work in a hospital so that rule really applies. Im relations with all kinds of people, sicknesses and even death.This helps me to relate and have a better understanding toward the patients, families and coworker feeling. Even companies have ethical behavior thats expected of you and whats not when hiring an employee. Reflection Reflecting back over the steps it took me in order to write this paper. First off I was totally unsure close to what I wanted to write, so I then began to think almost the word critical thinking and what it means. Thats when I began to jock things surmount that I wanted to write in my paper. Finally I got me a cup of coffee sat in front of my computer and began typing.Last merely not least Ive been proof reading over and over, adding and subtracting delivery and sentences until I had my final essay. Quote In order to get the most out of life, everyone needs to develop rational life plan that would be chosen by him with full deliberative rationality, that is, with full awareness of the germane(predicate) facts and after a careful consideration of the consequences. ( Rawls, 1929-2002, p. 13) Reference Boss, A. J. (2012). Think critical thinking and logic skills for everyday (2nd ed. ). New York New York.

Tuesday, January 29, 2019

Oot of School Youth

Research in English 2 (Out of School Y step to the foreh) Prep ard byOsorio, Marie Ann Dominic/ Galvez, Anthony Ross BSCS- 1A To be submitted to Mr. Albert E. Arenas universal Topic Out of School Y come to the foreh WhatReasons/ Causes of being disclose of cultivate day offspring. Whochildren ( hop ons 6- 17) and teenagers (ages 18- 24) Where Philippines Narrowed Topic Reasons/ Causes of being out of spiel younker of children and teenagers in the Philippines Key Questions 1. What is out of inculcate juvenility? 2. What ar the solid grounds/ factors of being out of school youth? 3. What atomic number 18 the things that could help those out of school youth? 1 of every 8 Filipino youths non in school look intoByRizaT. Olchondra Philippine Daily Inquirer 212 am Sunday, November 6th, 2011 cardinal out of eight Filipinos aged between six and 24 is an free youth (OSY), according to the 2010 yearbook Poverty Indicators muckle (genus Apis) of the subject field Statistics region (NSO). This translates to about 16 portion of the estimated 39 gazillion Filipinos in that age bracket, or 6. 24 million people, the NSO said in a authorship released last week. It said that among the main(prenominal) reasons cited by both(prenominal) males and females for non attention school were pre vergeit of individualized avocation, blue cost of didactics, and tone for reach. OSY definedAccording to the office, the barrier OSY refers to family members six to 17 days senile who are not aid a formal school as well as family members 18 to 24 years old who are currently out of school, not gainfully busy and had not immaculate college or a post-secondary course. Among OSYs who are six to 12 years old, neglect of personal interest and in like manner young to go to school are two leading reasons, for both males and females, NSO administrator Carmelita N. Ericta said in the report. wishing of personal interest was similarly the commonly cited reason fo r OSYs 13 to 17 years of age, followed by the exalted cost of education, according to Ericta.For OSYs aged 18 to 24 years, flavor for work was cited as the main reason among males, and coupling among females, she added. The state-owned think-tank Philippine Institute for ontogenesis Studies (PIDS) said that Filipino families and the Philippine brass put a high premium on education, but school participation still remained abstracted precisely because of the reasons cited in the NSO study. The PIDS said that addressing the privation of interest was particularly all-important(prenominal) because it could be a catch-all phrase for anything, from adjustments receivable to late school presentation to lack of financial or enate endorse.Besides improving the quality of education and the accessibility of schools, PIDS suggested that the government purify information c vitamin Aaigns on what age children should break through expiry to school and farm continuing education for mot hers so that they would deliver school attendance among their children. study factor Lack of parental support for education was found to be a major(ip) factor in childrens lack of interest in going to school.In addressing the economic blocks to school participation, PIDS said, the governments conditional change transfer program force help families that decide to put their children to work rather than complete their education. The Annual Poverty Indicators poll is a nationally survey conducted during the years when the Family Income and Expenditures Survey is not carried out. For a full survey, the number of samples is around 50,000 households. In the 2010 genus Apis round, only half of the sample size was used. Of the 21,023 suitable sample households for the 2010 APIS round, 20,103 were interviewed. This translated to a response rate of 95. percent at the national level. Bibliography Olchondra, Riza T. 1 of every 8 Filipino youths not in school survey. Philippine Daily Inquir er. November 6, 2011. Reasons/ Causes of being out DQ of school youth of children and teenagers in the Philippines One out of eight Filipinos aged between six and 24 is an out-of-school youth (OSY), according to the 2010 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey (APIS) of the National Statistics self-assurance (NSO). This translates to about 16 percent of the estimated 39 million Filipinos in that age bracket, or 6. 24 million people, the NSO said in a report released last week.It said that among the main reasons cited by both males and females for not aid school were lack of personal interest, high cost of education, and looking for work. OSY defined According to the office, the term OSY refers to family members six to 17 years old who are not attending a formal school as well as family members 18 to 24 years old who are currently out of school, not gainfully employed and had not finished college or a post-secondary course. Among OSYs who are six to 12 years old, lack of personal interes t and too young to go to school are two leading reasons, for both males and females, NSO administrator Carmelita N.Ericta said in the report. Lack of personal interest was also the commonly cited reason for OSYs 13 to 17 years of age, followed by the high cost of education, according to Ericta. For OSYs aged 18 to 24 years, looking for work was cited as the main reason among males, and marriage among females, she added. The state-owned think-tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) said that Filipino families and the Philippine government put a high premium on education, but school participation still remained wanting precisely because of the reasons cited in the NSO study.The PIDS said that addressing the lack of interest was particularly important because it could be a catch-all phrase for anything, from adjustments referable to late school entry to lack of financial or parental support. Besides improving the quality of education and the accessibility of schools, PIDS suggested that the government improve information campaigns on what age children should start going to school and promote continuing education for mothers so that they would support school attendance among their children. Major factorLack of parental support for education was found to be a major factor in childrens lack of interest in going to school. In addressing the economic blocks to school participation, PIDS said, the governments conditional cash transfer program might help families that decide to put their children to work rather than complete their education. The Annual Poverty Indicators poll is a nationwide survey conducted during the years when the Family Income and Expenditures Survey is not carried out. For a full survey, the number of samples is around 50,000 households.In the 2010 APIS round, only half of the sample size was used. Of the 21,023 eligible sample households for the 2010 APIS round, 20,103 were interviewed. This translated to a response rate of 95. 6 percent at the national level. Olchondra Reasons/ Causes of being out S of school youth of children and teenagers in the Philippines According to the 2010 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey (APIS) of the National Statistic Office (NSO), one of eight Filipinos aged between six and twenty-four (6 & 24) is an out of school youth (OSY).It means that in 39 million Filipinos on that said age bracket, 6. 24 million (16%) of it were OSY. According to NSO, the term OSY refers to family members 6- 17 years old who are not attending a formal school as well as family members 18- 24 years old who are currently out of school, not gainfully employed and had not finished college or a post-secondary course. The major factor or reasons of being out of school youth is lack of interest. And the lack of interest of the children is due to lack of parental support.In addition, lack of personal interest and too young to go to school is the main reason of ages 6- 12 years old, same with ages 13- 17 years old. While looking for a job was cited as the main reason among males, and getting hook up with is the main reason among females of ages 18- 24. Olchondra Reasons/ Causes of being out P of school youth of children and teenagers in the Philippines Out of School Youth (OSY) refers to children who are not attending formal school, and teenagers who had not finished college or a post-secondary course. According to NSO, 6. 4 million (16%) of the estimated 39 million Filipinos of ages 6- 24 years old were out of school youth (OSY). The major factor or reasons of being out of school youth is lack of interest. And the lack of interest of the children is due to lack of parental support. In addition, lack of personal interest and too young to go to school is the main reason of ages 6- 12 years old, same with ages 13- 17 years old. While looking for a job was cited as the main reason among males, and getting married is the main reason among females of ages 18- 24. Olchondra

Friday, January 25, 2019

The Concepts of Leadership Theories

This essay begins with how the concept of lead starts with understanding what lead means. According to Robbins and Judge, governingal Behaviour, 15th edition states that leadership is the ability to influence a convention towards the executement of a vision or set of goals (p, 402). A approximate leader is more likely to accomplish this task through companionship and skill.Knowledge to know about how to use what is known to influence workers in an plaque to r for each one the goals of a company and skill to put in the suit to actually do what is meant to be done well to achieve organizational goals. In other words an rough-and-ready leader should be up to(p) of inspiring and motivating even the roughly inefficient employees to strive towards attaining the goals of the organization. organisational effectiveness is critical to success in any business.In order to achieve increased and sustainable business results, organizations inquire to execute strategy an enmesh emplo yees. T he validity of the statement an organisations performance and effectiveness be flat related to its leadership, can be further explained by tipple a little focus on the theories of leadership. These theories include situational possibility, participative leadership model, the path-goal theory and the transformational leadership theory. Situational theories focus on the followers.Situational theories propose that the effectiveness of a occurrence style of leadership is dependent on the context in which it is universe exercised. For example, in a situation where the leader is the most knowledgeable an experienced member of a group, an authoritarian style might be most appropriate but in other instances where group members be proficient experts, a democratic style would be more effective. Fieders situational theories identify effective leadership style under changing situations (Fieder, Chemers and Mahon, 1977). These can be both relationship motivated or task motivated .A leader participative model is a leadership theory that provides a set of rules to determine the form and bill of participative decision making in different situations. These leaders encourage involvement and contribution from groups members and helps members feel more relevant and committed to the decision making process. Persons are less competitive and more collaborative when they are work on joint goals. It has been proven that when decisions are made together, the social trueness to one another is greater and increases the commitment to he decision quite a than when decisions are made by one person alone. Participative leadership can be effective in unstructured situations because it can increase social occasion clarity and it can also be very effective for commonwealth who have a high need to control their environment. The path-goal theory which was unquestionable by Robert House is a theory that states that it is a leaders job to assist followers in attaining their goals and to provide the necessary focal point and support to ensure that their goals are compatible with the overall objectives of the group or organization. Robbins and Judge 15th Edition) Effective path-goal leaders must recognize the inevitably of those they manage and try to satisfy their of necessity through the workplace by rewarding persons for achieving their goals, helping subordinates to identify the most effective path they need to take to reach their goals and clear the paths so that these subordinates can reach their goals. The transformational leadership theory focuses on the connections formed between leaders and followers.Transformational leadership is a process in which the leaders take actions to try to increase their associates cognizance of what is right and important, to raise their associates motivational maturity and to move their associates to go beyond the associates own self-interests for the good of the group, the organization, or society. Such leaders provide their associates with a sense of purpose that goes beyond a simple exchange of rewards for social movement provided. The transformational leaders are proactive in many different and funny ways.These leaders attempt to optimize development, not just performance. Development encompasses the development of ability, motivation, attitudes, and values. Such leaders want to elevate the maturity level of the needs of their associates (from security needs to needs for achievement and self-development). They convince their associates to strive for a high level of achievement as well as higher levels of moral and ethical standards. Through the development of their associates, they optimize the development of their organization as well.High performing associates build high performing organizations. A transformational leadership is more effective when in a smaller, privately held firm than in a complex organization because the personal nature can directly interact with the workforce and make decisions than when they report to an external broad of directors or deal with a complex bureaucratic structure. I conclude that each of these theories offers some insights into the qualities of successful leaders.The different leadership styles will differ depending on the type of organizational structure being used but they are all important for the effectiveness and performance of any organization. Bibliography Bass, B. M. (2005). Transformational leadership theory, In J. B. Miner. organizational behavior Fiedler, (1967) A Theory of Leadership Effectiveness. NewYork McGraw-Hill. Langton, N. , Robbins, S. (2007). Leadership. In N. Langton S. Robbins. Organizational Behavior Concepts, controversies, applications Toronto Prentice Hall Canada

Thursday, January 24, 2019

How does technology effects us? Essay

Look back at our day so far, how many sight withdraw we seen ignoring the world around them, not nonrecreational attention to the cashier or not absorbing the information in class? In Alina Tugend essay, multitasking raise make you loseUm focus, she reported that multitasking whitethorn seem bid it saves people time however, it makes people less efficient. It whitethorn be true that engineering provides us with time-saving devices like push to cars, cell- speech sounds that contain of 4G internet access, and washing machines with construct in dyers however well-nigh of us still complain about not having enough time. Like e rattlingthing else in the world, technology has its pros and cons it affects peoples concentration, indite skills, and what we consider existentity but how exactly is technology affecting the way we think, read, write and live? The development of technology has greatly improved my life but diminished it at the same time. It brought me nearer to my family in Trinidad after my father passed, three years ago. Logging onto Facebook and Instagram, receiving ph ace calls, school textual matter messages, video chatting kept me fasten into their world 24/7. Although we built such a strong relationship within those years, I was exclusively disconnecting from what was going on around me and my immediate family. I came to this realization when my inadequate sisters fifth birthday nearly past without me noticing.The graze of technology raise be a distraction in my case, I disengaged myself from the most significant part of my life. Technology can be a distraction during office meetings, daily human interaction, study time and hitherto our concentration since, we are constantly being interrupted by a phone call, text message or a game notification. Tugend, who wrote, Multitasking pile Make You LoseUmFocus, explained that multitasking actually delays our process rather than accelerating it. We often count that doing multiple assignments would be effortless but it causes an abundance of stress. Re pursuit has proven that the human mind can only focus on one or two items at a time (716). I trust multitasking all depends on the two tasks that is being combined, for example listening to medication while doing math homework seems to me as a good commixture because the music is helping the worker better cope with the math problems. On the other hand, driving while text messaging can be a distraction because, they activities require full focus and concentration. Focus is very important when it comes to multitasking but also significant when using the internet to search long pieces of make-up.In Nicholas Carrs essay, Is Google Making Us Stupid, he states, inquiry that once required days in the stacks or annual room of libraries can now be done in proceedings (732). The use of technology is very beneficial and time efficient, however does the pros belabor the cons? Carr also discusses the fight against technolo gy to stay focus since now a day, three or four paragraphs is too much to absorb (733). I reckoned that we must realize that reading doesnt come natural like speech does. We must keep training ourselves to read no subject field if its in a paperback book or an online blogging position without distractions. Many teachers and parents take most teenagers are distracted by text messaging (texting). A variety of teachers dispraise texting because most students use text slag and abbreviation in professional committal to writings, and students do not run short conscious of the fact. Also there are parent who think texting negatively impact their children communication skills. On the other hand, Michaela Cullington, the writing of Does Texting Affect piece of writing, would most likely disagree.Cullington believes that texting motivate student to write and also it is practice in specific writing skills, and an opportunity to gain confidence in their writing (89-90). After her researc h she was convince that texting is not interfering in students writing skills. I caught myself plenty of times using text slag when writing a paper to turn into class. Fortunately, I have taught myself to text in complete sentence and use correct abbreviation so it wouldnt interfere with my writing skills. If text messaging doesnt interfere than by chance games can. Sam Anderson would consider games like Angry Birds or Fruit Ninja as Hyperaddictive stupid games, because its a simple thing that becomes addictive and eventually form into a distraction. In Anderson essay, Just One More gamy Angry Birds, Farmville, and some other Hyperaddictive Stupid Games, he illustrates that stupid games were designed to washing soda up in other occasions. For example, you are doing calculus homework and you bid a text message and suddenly its an hour later and you are launching another bird.People are so habituated to their phones because game-studies scholars specially design games to be so addictive. Especially now that people can a play game anywhere at the palms of their hands. utilise the same addicting technology can probably help solve real world problems like obesity, education and government abuse (67). Living in a generation where technology affect everything around us including our communication, multitasking, concentration, writing skills, and our view of reality. I believe that technology was made to make our lives easier sadly, it can bring upon more difficulties in our life. Technology will always be prevailing and it is our responsibility to work with it. The majority of people today have become so dependent on technology that they arent be able to function a full day without it. I believe it is up to the people of America to decide whether we have taken favour of technology, or has technology taken advantage of us, without us being informed of it.Works CitedAnderson, Sam. Just One More Game Angry Birds, Farmville, and Other Hyperaddictive Stupid Games. The Norton knowledge domain Guide to Writing with Readings. Richard lead and Maureen Daly Goggin. New York, capital of the United Kingdom W.W. Norton & Company, 2013. 64-69 Print. Carr, Nicholas. Is Google Making Us Stupid The Norton Field Guide to Writing with Readings. Richard Bullock and Maureen Daly Goggin. New York, London W.W. Norton & Company, 2013.731-744. Print. Cullington, Michaela. Does texting affect writing The Norton Field Guide to Writing with Readings. Richard Bullock and Maureen Daly Goggin. New York, London W.W. Norton & Company, 2013.87-95. Print. Tugend, Alina. Multitasking can make us loseUmFocus. The Norton Field Guide to Writing with Readings. Richard Bullock and Maureen Daly Goggin. New York, London W.W. Norton & Company, 2013.714-718. Print.

Tuesday, January 22, 2019

Lululemon’s Marketing Mix – Product

Lululemon offers a comprehensive line of motion appargonl and accessories for women, men and female y revealh. Their apparel assortment ac hit the sackledges items such as fitness pants, shorts, tops and jackets that are designed for healthy lifestyle activities such as yoga, running and general fitness. Although Lululemon benefits from the growing number of people that act in yoga, they believe the percentage of their products sold for opposite activities will sustain to increase as they broaden their product range to address other activities.Lululemons fitness related accessories include an array of items such as bags, socks, low hold up, yoga mats, instructional DVDs, and water bottles. They believe the authenticity of their products is driven by a number of factors. These factors include their ath all(a)owe- jazz upd design process, their use of technical materials, their civilise manufacturing methods and their mod product features. Lululemons acrobatic apparel is desig ned and fabricate using cutting-edge fabrics designed to deliver maximum function and acrobatic fit. They collaborate with leading fabric suppliers to develop advanced fabrics that they sell under their trademarks.Luluemons in-house design team works closely with their suppliers to formulate fabrics that under include their performance and functional specifications such as stretch ability, capability to wick moisture, color fastness and durability, among others. Advanced fabrics that they currently incorporate in their products include Luon is included in more than half of the products, wicks away moisture, moves with the body, and is designed to eat up irritation. Luxtreme their inherently wicking fabric is apply in their running lines and is silky and lightweight Silverscent incorporates silver directly into the fabric to reduce odors as a essence of the antibacterial properties of the silver in the fabric.Lululemons products are constructed with advance sewing technique s, such as flat seaming, that increase comfort and functionality by bring down skin irritation and strengthening important seams. Their apparel products include innovative features to promote convenience, such as pockets designed to hold credit cards, keys, digital audio players, clips for heart monitors, and elastic bands attached to the zippers.Packaging and LabelingLululemon Athletica distributes reusable obtain bags to their customers as one of their green initiatives in reducing waste. The reusable shop bag features their company ca-ca and logo on one stead and on the other side features their manifesto. Their manifesto has inspirational messages that play a vital role in Lululemons culture which employees and customers alike inspire to. Some of their messages include Life is full of setbacks. Success is determined by how you handle setbacks, Do one thing a day that scares you and The aware brain can only hold one thought at a time. Choose a positive thought.Brand see and ImageLululemon Athletica became famous for its yoga wear. The imbeder Chip Wilson, took his first yoga class and found the results exhilarating. However, he didnt like the cotton clothing that was being used for sweaty, stretchy power yoga. His passion laid in technical athletic fabrics, and created an underground yoga clothing movement and wanted to sell his products. How do you know what good yoga wear is when it doesnt exist yet? Lululemon would talk and let yoga instructors try their products and give back feedback. They design and iterate with the end user.The undercoat tush why their brand became so popular was by public lecture and listening to their customers. Customers can give their feedback through Lululemons website, through the store, and on their Facebook Fan Page. Lululemon Athletica spends almost nothing on advertising except the daily print ads in yoga and running magazines.Also, they do not endorse celebrities with silver to wear their merchandise to help th em profit. Instead, they have Ambassadors and elite Ambassadors. Ambassadors are individuals in store communities (fitness instructors) who embody the Lululemon lifestyle and live their culture. These ambassadors are given $1000 of free apparel in bribe for mildew it to their clients. Elite Ambassadors are their international athletes of an elite level (Olympians) that choose to orchestrate and/or compete in their product. They are not paid to wear their clothing but are part of the Lululemon family and they support the athletes with product, yoga classes and training accommodation. indorsement and ServiceLululemon does not have warranties for their products. They advise all customers how to muffle and take care of their products so that they last long and which should refrain them from trying to return any damage product. Lululemon stands behind their return policy of 14 days.Lululemon gross revenue associates are called Educators, they are trained intensively on product acqu aintance and are to pass the knowledge of product features, benefits, usage and care to all customers looking to buy Lululemon product.Strengths and WeaknessStrengthsLululemon Athletica has many strengths with their product. They provide many features and benefits on their products which entices the customers to purchase. Their packaging is environmentally friendly so customers are able to utilise the shop bag. They do not spend millions of dollars in advertising receivable to their ambassador program.WeaknessesWarranty of their product is a major weakness for them. numerous customers have complained and sent messages to the Complaints Board of Canada and United States regarding their horrible return/ supersede policy on products that become damaged after one wash or one wear.Future RecommendationsLululemon Athleticas features and benefits, packaging and labeling, and brand name and image should be maintained. Lululemon is always striving to bring out the scoop up products that have the best features and benefits to their customers because they listen to what their customers want. They continue to give reusable shopping bags to customers as they are an environmentally friendly company.A recommendation that should be developed for the upcoming year is on their product warranty. They should want to mother their customers happy if they are unhappy with their purchase. If something was recently purchased and worn and washed indoors a month of purchasing and looks like it has been worn out, they should offer an deepen and look for the problem as to why the product glowering out poorly in such a short time. Customers become turned off and bad mouth companies who do not stand behind their product.

Monday, January 21, 2019

Strategic Management of Agribank

ABSTRACT In the present age, spacious cities in Viet Nam ar growing at a rapid pace, especially in the economics, as a result umpteen deposits be established including commit of Agriculture and Rural knowledge of Vietnam.Founded on 26/03/1988, Agri money box has always compete the leading subprogram in Vietnams economic festering with 1034 printer depository pecuniary institutions in 95 countries and territories (since 12/2009). In the virgin spot, Agribank constantly amend their competitiveness to brinytain the number angiotensin-converting enzyme set up of commercial banks and the supreme role in agricultural and agrestic financial market, serving farmers, horticulture and rural aras. To become the member of class Finance and Banking in the country, Agribanks st prizegy is associated with the sustainable development of customers, banking, partners and communities.Based on the data obtained from a minor(ip) wonder carried come in within Agribanks employee s and reviewed literature, our projects team analyze Agribanks strategical centering. A nonher key point of this penning is providing recommendations to improve its effectiveness and efficiency. It is hoped that this empirical report gage bring the readers with a more detailed look at the Agribanks strategic worry. plug-in OF CONTENT Abstract1 I. Executive summary 3 II. foundation garment of the comp any 3 III. Managerial function.. 4 IV.Literature review.. 5 V. Strategic management.. 6 1. Step 1 aiming the banks goal. 7 2. External psycho abbreviation7 3. Internal Analysis9 VI. polish and recommendation. 12 References. 14 I. Executive summary This report was commissioned to analyze, evaluate and withal to elapse recommendation around the Strategic management of Bank of Agricultural and Rural Development of Vietnam. The seek draws commition to AgriBanks menstruum missions and goals counseling on renovating and maturation banking engineering science in a moderniz ation manner.Further habilitateigations give a SWOT analysis about AgriBank and conclusions about their status are made Internally, Agribank has quite a lot of strengths such as great number of gross capital letterital, high school prestige, modern facilities, as substantially as near failinges like foul financial capability and deplorable operation effectiveness. Besides, externally, Agribank as well has many opportunities still g all overnmental status, thrift recovery, the freshness of the domestic market, and has to deal with lots of threats from competitors, press release of well-qualified employees, or governmental policies. After care unspoilty evaluated, Recommendations are assumption(p) AgriBank should pe finalrate the market strategies to commove higher performance by focusing its sources of charitable and facilities on Main market. AgriBank should as well as spread the market strategy, which is to dart favor of its available products and helping s to enter a new market in order to expand market grapple, get more widening and coming new potential customers. II. Introduction of the company Agribank is the with child(p)st bank in equipment casualty of gunstock resources, number of employees, assets, operation interlock and customer bases with record not only in local market tho excessively international market.Agribank has always focuse on the innovation and application of banking engine room in favour of business administration and the development of an advanced banking service vane. As the report of Agribank. com. vn As of November 2011, Agribank had the total asset of VND 5240,000 billion, total justness of VND 22,176 billion, total outstanding loans of VND 414,464 billion, total fund resource of VND 478,000 billion, total stave of 35,000 people, 2,300 branches and transaction offices.Agribank is one of the leading bank in Viet Nam in terms of receipt and implementation of foreign projects, especially from Wor ld Bank, Asia Development Bank, European Investment Bank and French Development Agency. At present, Agribank is serving 10 million household and 30,000 enterprises. With the position of a leading commercial bank in Viet Nam, Agribank has sh let its great efforts and contribution greatly to the nations industrialisation and modernization as well as economic development. Due to its side and market make do, Agribanks target market is Vietnam, especially in rural areas.About target customer, in the freshman period, its target was people who did the agricultural work. However, nowadays, Agribank has no target customer as it welcome everyone who provide capital and invest in many business lines other than agriculture. III. Managerial function In the context of a profound and encyclopaedic integration, to make a engagement in how well Agribank performs as well as to cope with this c settleeful situation, Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development of Viet Nam need strategic management .Hoang Thu Hien one of the mental facultys of Agribank pointed out that One of Agribanks strategies is making great efforts in fund militarization from both local and foreign sources and maintain the credit harvest-feast at a reasonable aim. some other way is well-favored priority in investment in agriculture, farmers especially to farm households with agricultural, forestry, piscary and salt production. She also reveals that those strategies is built in the period 2000 2010 by a group of financial experts hired by Agribank. They are still used straight off and other details of the strategic management are kept as secret database of the bank.The world-wide strategy of Agribank this period is it ordain barf forth a number of solutions which are following the policy of the administration and the State Bank of Viet Nam on mo scratchary policy in 2011 and for attack years (n. d. ). First of all is speeding up the fund mobilization from different sources for serving agri culture, farmers and rural areas wherefore setting up the supercharge on implementing the Circulation 13, 19 of SBV on safe index for credit institutions or following the SBVs Governor and relative agencies for adding fund in 2011 and growing strategy on international cooperation and foreign fund projects for 2010-2015.Secondly, Agribank has completely changed into Ltd accompany with 100% capital of State and pushing up the modern banking applied science based on IPCAS II which is used to develop the new products and run with high prize to better serve the customers. Thirdly, Agribank is trying to train the staff about the core cultural values including honesty, discipline, creativity, timbre and efficiency. Finally, Agribank plans to carry out the project on business development strategy for 2011-2015 towards 2020 to prove the prestige of the largest commercial bank-financial institution in Viet Nam.IV. Literature review Regarding Strategic management, many scholars fix researched about it so as to find out the outflank way to establish strategy and manage it. Stephen P. Robbins and Mary Coulter with Management tenth edition have drawn the most detailed and comprehensive picture of Strategic Management. According to their theory, strategy is plans for how an fundamental law leave do what its in business to do, how it will compete undefeatedly, and how it will attract and play its customers in order to achieve its goals (Stephen amp Mary 2009, p. 163). And then strategic management is defined as what managers do to develop an organizations strategies. There are three reasons why strategic management is beta which are stated that it makes a difference in how well an organization performs, it is necessary to cope with uncertain situation and to provide organizational goals for each part of the organization to work toward. After clarifying the vastness of strategic management, those two authors draw a big picture of the strategic management ru n.There are all 6 step in the process which the starting signal 3 are most important. The first step is to see the organizations current mission, goals and strategies. Mission is defined as a statement of the purpose of an organization and goals are lowstood as mensurable performance targets. Identifying those concepts will help the organization draw a full general path to follow. The next two steps brush aside be unite as SWOT analysis which analyze 4 main factors strengths, impuissancees, opportunities and threats.It can also be defined as doing external analysis environment around the organization and its effect- and internal analysis the organizations special(prenominal) resources and capabilities. The next step namely Formulating strategies is done after all the analysis and is to establish a detailed path for the organization to follow. The last 2 steps are about implementing and evaluating the strategies that have been built up in the last step. Agreeing with those two authors theory, we have conducted interview and done some research and analysis about Agribank Vietnam. V. Strategic ManagementTo research about the companys strategic management, we are required to conduct the first three steps of Agribanks strategic management process. Our project team will identify the Agribanks missions and goals and do the internal (SW) along with the external (OT) analysis. Furthermore, the recommendations will be set up to uphold the strengths, overcome weaknesses, maximize opportunities and eliminate any threats or turn them into opportunities. 1. STEP 1 IDENTIFYING THE ORGANIZATIONS circulating(prenominal) MISSION AND GOALS To maintain the leading bank, provide the modern and high flavor products nd go, meet the demand of customers and increase the non-credit income, Agribank is focusing on renovating and developing banking technology in a modernization manner. That is its mission in 2011 and for the sexual climax years The Agribank An Phu pointed o ut that Agribank expects to reach the goals for 2012 as follows the fund resource increases by 15-17% compared with 2011, outstanding loans rises by 11-12%, the rate of loans to agricultural and rural areas is 70%, NPLs on a lower floor 3%, non-credit income goes up by 10%, CAR complies with international standard.In general, Agribanks goal is bringing prosperity to the customer. 2. EXTERNAL ANALYSIS After decision making the mission and goals of Agribank, the important thing is to conduct an external analysis, which includes the two components the general and the specific environment. Each factors in the components maybe an prospect or a threat to Agribank, basing on how they can affect Agribanks market. A. Opportunities As to remark about the general environment, it is reported that the worlds and Vietnams economy are recovering from the crisis and are predicted to be growing in the approximative future.A recent article from the famous BBC (9 October 2012) has reported What is happening is a re-balancing of our economy. We have created a million net new byplays and we are now a net exporter of cars, but it is a slow process. With the economy flourishing, Agribank has an opportunity to expand the market size and provide more services to the customers. In rise to power to the countrys economy recovery, Agribank also benefits from the fact that Vietnam has officially entered the WTO. By joining the worlds economic flow, Agribank has more chances to meet big partners and to develop itself.For example, the bank can learn from the foreigners about the new technology and inquire their way of working and technical skills. And, as to mention the political conditions, Vietnam is a collected country with no terrorists or civil wars which encourages the development of law and economy, and Agribank can make use of this to complete their working system. The opportunity for Agribank does not only come from the general environment but also the specific environment, especially from the customers.According to the Standard Charter Banks CEO, motto to baomoi online newspaper (Phuong 2009), Vietnam has a young and fresh banking market, which is not fully exploited. He also points out that in the recent years, the number of banking service users rises bit by bit and it will continue to rise in the next 5 years. Furthermore, jibe to the vietnamplus. vn (Son 2009), Vietnams average age tends to become higher, consequently, many people will begin to consider saving for their pension plan.Agribank can take returns of this opportunity to reach more to the customers need. B. Threats Besides the opportunities, there are also threats that Agribank has to deal with. The fact that Vietnam has entered the WTO also brings along the trouble of the market share be downsized because Vietnam banks and companies are now freely get investments from foreign companies. It will also increase the competition between Vietnam and other WTO countries, creating great s train to Agribank. In addition to this, the Government policies are also putting Agribank under pressure.The current ceiling interest rate is kept really low at 9% started from 11th June, but its also predicted to be lower, according to Dr. Vu Dinh Anhs analysis (Thanh 2012). This policy makes it hard for Agribank and other banks to ride capital from people, and so on earn less profit on lending other companies money. In addition to the general environments influences, the specific environment, too, holds some menaces. The number of competitors growing rapidly in todays time of high-technology, following with the decrease in number of high-quality employees is current problems that Agribank have to pose.Nowadays, joint-stock company banks such as Vietcombank, Vietinbank or ACB bank are playing their leading roles in banking industry in Vietnam, alluring a large number of users comparing to AgriBank. Not as powerful as JSC Banks, but the banks with foreign investments like the Sta ndard Charter Bank being equipped with higher quality and credit funds and non-bank credit organizations are acting as the harbingers to Agribank. According to Vietnam Credit Information and Rating corporations report (Thanh 2012), 32 banks are rated to be highly competitive.Unfortunately, Agribank is not listed. Adding to the threats from competitors, the upcoming workforce in banking being estimated to be really large but cannot be so sure about the quality is also a trouble for Agribank. The best workers tend to chase for high position with high salary in foreign countries or other bank rather than Agribank while the rests are not really well-trained. In general, the threats to Agribank are surpassing the opportunities that the bank can get, but its whole banking business is predicted to be growing. 3. INTERNAL ANALYSISBeside external analysis, it is also very important to explore and value the internal factors of Agribank which are its strengths and weaknesses. Understanding ab out those internal elements will give us the knowledge of Agribanks ability to take benefit from the opportunities and to face the threats. A. Strengths The first and the most powerful strength of Agribank is that it has the largest total capital, the biggest operation network and the hugest source of labors and customers in Vietnam. According to the article 3 ngan hang thuong m? i nha nu? c co v? n di? u l? tren 1 t? USD on gafin. n (23 March 2012), a familiar website for investors, Agribank is the commercial bank that has the greatest amount of total capital in Vietnam which is over 29. 606 billion VND. It is an advantage for Agribank as it can invest in a lot of fields and activities with its huge capital. About its operation network and source of labors and customers, Agribank has over 2. 300 branches and office and 37. 500 staffs all over the country. Moreover, according to the official website of Agribank (n. d. ), it also signs contract with other foreign banks from Laos, Cam bodia and china to expand its market.Another strength is that it is the unique and main bank that focuses on the field of agriculture and rural areas. In Vietnam, only Agribank is the commercial bank that is nurtured and falsifyled by the government to develop agriculture and support agricultural workers. Vietnam is the country that has the main focus on agriculture and producing food so that this market share would be a big benefit for Agribank. Moreover, Agribank is considered as having the lowest crop of risk due to its support from the government and it also has the prestige of a governmental bank with tradition and experience.This advantage can gain the customers assertion that not all other rivals can do. Last but not least, one more strength of Agribank is that its high technology applying in its infrastructure. To pass this point, the article Viettel va Agribank ky k? t th? a thu? n h? p tac toan di? n on danviet. vn (D? c 2011) states that from November 20th, 2011, Vie ttel would coordinate with Agribank totally with its telecommunication infrastruction. The combination of those two giants will be an extreme advantage for Agribank to pull ahead its system and bring better products to its customers. B. WeaknessesIt is undeniable that Agribank is one of the strongest banks in Vietnam at this time however, it still has its own weaknesses that need improving to get the highest performance. The first alarming weakness is its bad financial capability. Although its system is modern and triumphful in Vietnam, Agribanks financial control is still weak compared to the planetary standard. Stockbiz. vn reported that Fitch Ratings has affirmed Vietnam Bank for Agriculture and Rural Developments (Agribank) Long-Term Foreign-Currency Issuer Default Rating (IDR) at B (12 July 2012). The wit is Stable.At the same time, the agency has affirmed Agribanks Viability Rating (VR) at ccc and Support Rating Floor at B. A full pass judgment breakdown is provided at th e end of this release. Also according to this rating agency, Agribank has low rank of risk thanks to the support from the government, not from its own ability. The banks reported non-performing loans (NPLs) are the highest among domestic peers. Its low level of reserves, together with a high level of special mentioned loans (SMLs) and a sulky economic backdrop, is possible to keep credit costs elevated in the near- to medium-term.As a result, Fitch expects the banks profitability to remain low, given also potential margin squeeze from a regulatory cap on lending rates on the agriculture sector. Therefore this weakness may not affect Agribank immediately in the domestic market, but if it wants to expand to the oversea market, it has to improve its financial capability a lot. Another clear weakness of Agribank is that its operation effectiveness is not high enough. Although the bank was established in 1988, it still hasnt made huge contact on Vietnams agriculture.Farmers still do t he farming work with traditionalistic manners and do not use much technology in working. The rate of poor households in rural areas is still high after years. This weakness could be very dangerous as it would lose the customers and governments trust, which can reduce its total capital. One last weakness of Agribank is that its human resource is huge but not qualified enough. There is a sad truth in Vietnam that people who have social relationship with some big men inside the company are likely to get the job. And Agribank is not an exception.Due to this terrible truth, many people who are not educated well enough still have good job and decide the destiny of the bank. Therefore, its human resource can not satisfy the requirement of the global standard, which would be a disadvantage for it when expanding to the bigger world. VI. Conclusion and Recommendations In conclusion, like other corporations and organizations, Agribank has its all strengths such as large number of gross capit al, high prestige, modern facilities, and weaknesses namely bad financial capability and low operation effectiveness.Beside these internal factors, Agribank also faces up with opportunities peaceful political status, economy recovery, the freshness of the domestic market, and threats from competitors, loss of well-qualified employees, or governmental policies. Therefore, based on the analysis of SWOT and the wholesome interview of sole employee, we have drawn up the strategies for Agribank to achieve more success in the next five years. 1. Penetrating market strategies In this strategy, we would focus our resources of human and facilities on Main market to get higher performance.To get the strategy accomplished effectively, some methods must be applied such as Improving the mobilization capital by allowing wide range of maturities, or periods, interests rate or accumulated interests. Furthermore, the bank can also try to attain sponsored -agricultural projects or projects of suppo rting small and average-scale business. Another method is improving the quality of credit service by using up the qualification of the staff to do research on reducing some steps of procedures so that the transaction duration will be decrease which makes it faster and more convenient to deposit.Another effective solution is diversifying and developing the quality of the services because at the moment most of Agribank products are traditional ones, so it is less competitive. Therefore, the bank should introduce new advanced and convenient services and products to ensure the ability of serving customer efficiently. This method also heightens the administrative status of the management. 2. Expanding market strategy This is the strategy in which Agibank would take advantage of its available products and services to enter a new market in order to expand market share, get more output and approach new potential customers.There are some methods that can be applied, the first one could be i ntensifying the process of constructing material facilities or, in detail, purchase necessary assets especially IT equipments, strongboxes, electric generators. Secondly, it could develop the network by establishing more transaction posts which help popularize brand name. Thirdly, Agribank can enhance the quality of the staff by focusing on recruiting, introducing new reserving reward policies, retrain the current staff to get higher qualification and ability.Furthermore, in the period of expanding to new market, Agibank may appoint the most important and experienced cadres (skillful employees) to new brands in order to make sure that new brands can perish effectively. Beside those, Agribank should speed up marketing operations/ activities because marketing plays an important role in popularizing and giving products to the public. Some methods for developing marketing performance are for products, improving traditional products and services, shortening procedure of transaction, a nd bringing new benefits to customer.For location, it can choose the most convenient location so that customers can intimately make transactions. For advertisement, it is advisable to use radio, television, newspaper and the internet as the important way to advertise the bank. Furthermore, it is the way we serve that is one of the most nitty-gritty of advertisement to customers. Last but not least, we recommend to reinforce the control of internal activities which means that does not merely check the account or the asset of the bank but verify the quality of credit, the efficiency, safety so that administrator can easily find out and re-correct defects and mistakes.References Agribank An Phu official website n. d. , D? nh hu? ng phat tri? n c? a Agribank Vi? t nam, viewed 17 November 2012, http//agribankanphu. com. vn/vn/company/details/dinh-huong-phat-trien-cua-agribank-viet-nam6. html Agribank Vietnam official website n. d. , Agribank phat tri? n b? n v? ng vi s? th? nh vu? ng c ? a c? ng d? ng, viewed 17 November 2012, http//www. agribank. com. vn/ one hundred one/786/gioi-thieu/dinh-huong-phat-trien. aspx Agribank Vietnam official website n. d. , M? ng lu? i ho? t d? ng Agribank hon 2300 Chi nhanh, Phong giao d? ch tr? dai cung hinh ch? S, viewed 21 November 2012, http//www. agribank. com. vn/101/790/gioi-thieu/mang-luoi-hoat-dong. aspx BBC 9 October 2012, viewed 18 November 2012, http//www. bbc. co. uk/news/business-19876587 D? c Hi? u, Viettel va Agribank ky k? t th? a thu? n h? p tac toan di? n, 21 October 2011, viewed 21 November 2012, http//danviet. vn/62504p25c50/viettel-va-agribank-ky-ket-thoa-thuan-hop-tac-toan-dien. htm Gafin 23 March 2012, viewed 23 November 2012, http//gafin. vn/20120323104832101p0c34/3-ngan-hang-thuong-mai-nha-nuoc-co-von-dieu-le-tren-1-ty-usd. tm Phuong Nhi 2009, Th? tru? ng ngan hang Vi? t Nam r? t tr? , Baomoi, April 2009, viewed 20 November 2012, http//www. baomoi. com/Thi-truong-ngan-hang-Viet-Nam-rat-tre/126/2960677. ep i Thanh Thanh Lan 2012, L? n d? u tien x? p h? ng nang l? c c? nh tranh ngan hang, Vnexpress, 8 September, viewed 19 November 2012, http//ebank. vnexpress. net/gl/ebank/tin-tuc/2012/09/lan-dau-tien-xep-hang-nang-luc-canh-tranh-ngan-hang/ Thanh Thanh Lan 2012, Tr? n lai su? t huy d? ng co th? v? 8% m? t nam, Vnexpress, 29 August, viewed 18 November 2012, http//ebank. nexpress. net/gl/ebank/tin-tuc/2012/08/tran-lai-suat-huy-dong-co-the-ve-8-mot-nam/ Son Bach 2009, Vi? t Nam co co c? u dan s? vang, tu? i th? tang, Vietnamplus, 31 December, viewed 19 November 2012, http//www. vietnamplus. vn/Home/Viet-Nam-co-co-cau-dan-so-vang-tuoi-tho-tang/200912/29400. vnplus Stockbiz 12 July 2012, viewed 23 November 2012, http//en. stockbiz. vn/News/2012/7/12/309322/text-fitch-affirms-vietnam-s-agribank-at-b-outlook-stable. aspx *** Group tasks No ID Name Task Report

Wednesday, January 16, 2019

The Significance of Myth in the Novel Ceremony

Many people in our culture misunderstand the go forward of invention. We usu each(prenominal)y assume that there are two kinds of narrative, consummately several(predicate) from one other a journalistic compilation of facts, wholly literally true and verifiable, or stories spun by a prevarication writer for the utilisation of entertainment only. Myth, we assume, falls resoundingly into the latter group. While primitive and irrational people may have once believed that the sun was pulled across the flick by a chariot, we in our infinite scientific wisdom realize that is non the reason that the sun appears to move in the sky when viewed from earth.Therefore, the figment is written off purely as a subject area of fiction and fantasy. Indigenous peoples finishedout the world, however, look at their allegorys and folktales in quite a nonher way. They recognize in them an explanation, not for the way physical science kit and boodle or tarradiddle occurred, entirely for the way their culture feels about itself. For natural Americans, these stories concern the universe and the spiritual domain. They are didactic because they teach the hi composition of the people, how to live, and how to survive.According to Paula Gunn Allen, myth is a story of vision a fomite of transmission of sharing and renewal. It connects the past with the present. Myths show us that it is possible to look up ourselves to the grand and mysterious universe that surrounds and in take a leaks our existencesThe mythic heals, it makes us whole (Allen, 116-17). Myths rationalize by analogy concepts that it would be difficult, if not impossible, to explain literally. They do so in a way that bypasses the conscious, analytical mind and heads straight for the rawness (technically, the unconscious).Folklorist Carol Mitchell explains that Silkos use of the Laguna creation myth at the extraction of Ceremony, it recreates the power and the magazine of creation. The cosmic creati on is the exemplary archetype of all life, and hopes that it will restore the patient, Tayo (Mitchell, 34). Mitchell also believes that the use of this myth is a spiritual means by which the novelist is inspired in her creative fake (Mitchell 28). The stories are thus emotionally and psychologically satisfying, and can have a very therapeutic effect when an individuals spirit is sick. Ceremonies are the retelling of the myths by a tribal healer or sha globe.Then there are rituals which are the physical enactments of what is told in the myths. The purpose of the ritual is to transform something (or someone) from one pass on to another (Allen, 103). In the novel is a improve ritual which changes Tayo from a sickly, altered state, one which is of isolation and despair, to a state of health and oneness with his people. This is the plot in Leslie Marmon Silkos novel, Ceremony. Her narrative plot follows a cyclical of time, give care that found in indispensable American myths and l egends, preferably of a horse opera linear sense of time (Bell, 53).It is open to irrational spiritual experiences instead of confining itself to scientific logic and reason. In addition, Silkos main management is more on the whole familiarity and Tayos blood to that community than it is on Tayos individuality. More strategicly, she constructs the novel itself as a unspeakable ritual. Continuously throughout the novel, Silko flip flops between the main plot and different internal poems of Native American origin. One such poem involves a organism named Thought-Woman. When Thought-Woman thinks, whatever she thinks about appears. Im telling the story she is thinking, says Silko at the start.The myth is reality, and the novel leads the reader into that unity between myth and reality. Reality is a story, Silko explains. The material presented in poetic form paces the reality, leading us to the denouement of the novel, and it also portrays the action of the story and gives structu re. When we go over the reality of the novel in terms of the mythic poem, is when we see this parliamentary law in the story. The exit of power and vision, or, as Tayo says, how the world had come undone, the champion to pass on the world to its proper ays, the ultimate end to the crisis, and the individuation and conformity created by this successful conclusion of the story are all predicted, ordered, and enjoin by the myth or poem. The mythic poem expresses the poems meaning. It creates that meaning. It is not plainly a metaphor or a piece of local sentiment. The extensive drought, the Whites, the fall of tribal identity and meaning, the war, and even nuclear experiments are apt(p) meaning through the poetry, or you could say through the connection and intertwining of myth and reality.Robert Bennett, in his critical analysis of Silkos Ceremony, states, these interspersed poems create a moment mythic narrative that runs parallel to the lifelike narrative about Tayo. w ithal though these mythic poems take up less space than the realistic narrative, they are equally, if not more, important than the realistic narrative (Bennett, 2). The poems mark important mile stones in the story for Tayo. They are placed in the beginning of the novel and at the end. These mythic poems trace Tayos find oneselfy throughout the novel.Gregory Saylor describes the crack of Ceremony as with corroborateing with Silkos vision of healing because it is written in the verse of Thought-Woman, who is the giver of all life. He calls that from these opening pages we learn about the energy of stories, their ability to cure, and their capacity to counter the witchery of destruction (Saylor, 00). This connection of stories as healing entities and the warriors of witchery gives an intriguing spatial relation to the purpose of Tayos journey. Tayo has suffered what we would consider a nervous breakd feature as a result of traumas suffered in the war.The trauma actually occurred because he encounters rival soldiers, who seem to bear the faces of his family. He is first of all sent to a Veterans infirmary upon his arrival covering fire to the states, where he is diagnosed to suffering from battle fatigue and rel relieved without being cured completely. He then returns to his home on the reservation, where his symptoms get worse. Tayo has been told by the young doctor at the VA clinic that he really should rid himself from all his Indian heritage as much as possible, because that is what is making him sick, and that the worst thing for him is Indian medicine (Silko, 3).By Indian medicine, the VA doctor does not mean herbs and weeds. What he truly means is Tayos spiritual condition and the return into the culture and heritage of his people. The Indian culture is of deep spirituality, and it is difficult for an Indian to think of having a mental disorder that is not a subscribe to of a spiritual disintegration. The fact that Tayo feels his connection to h is spirit and to the spirit of his people fading is why he perceives himself as egg innocence smoke.He feels this mainly because he is no longer completely an Indian, and the smoke is whiten-hot because Tayo has accepted too much of white culture that differs from his heritage as an Indian. Tayos aunt calls a local healer to treat his problem, Tayos spiritual distress, which shows his loss of identity with the values and heritage of his people. Betonie, the healer called to help Tayo, makes the surprising claim that Tayo is not to blame white people We can deal with white people, with their machines and their beliefs. We can because we invented white people it was Indian witchery that made white people in the first place (Silko, 132).What he means is that Native Americans, by doubting the say-so and the rightness of their culture, have allowed the white man to manipulate them the triumph of white culture, he asserts, is a result of the spill of the Indian people as a whole. Al though Betonie appears to be a innocent shaman, with all the usual potions and paraphernalia, he heals through stories intended to put Tayo back in touch with his natural heritage. One of the stories told in Ceremony is that of the sorcerer Pacayanyi and his lure of the Indian people with promises of magic.The Indians idolize the Corn Mother by working(a) their fields and helping the Mother grow big amounts of corn. In return the Corn Mother blessed the peoples land. Pacayanyi spoke to the people and told them that they should not work so hard in the fields, it was completely wasting their time and energy. He told them that he could see to it that their fields could continue to be fur-bearing just by him using his magic for them. The people stopped working and The Corn Mother became angry with her people, and left them on their own. As a result, a terrible drought came the corn wilted, and the animals left.The people realized for the first time that what they had with the Corn M other was a two-way relationship and that it took work to sustain the relationship. For many years they had worked hard to serve her, and as they had worshipped her, she had blessed them. No amount of magic or witchery could supersede what they had once had. Tayo had a natural relationship with the earth based on his heritage, as well as with his Indian spirituality. entirely he had been seduced by the witchery of the white man into believing that he did not pauperization to practice his ethnic heritage.By leaving the Indian world for the white one, he turned his back on his culture and replaced it with a punctuate of cultural beliefs that seemed more modern and a lot less work. However, in doing this, he lost sight of himself and his spiritual connection to the earth. Betonie proves that what Tayo is, inside and out, is an Indian. To hold on an ethnically different heritage in a white world, and to keep that heritage viable and meaningful, is hard work. But the cost to the ind ividual of allowing that relationship to lapse is tremendous. Tayo momentarily paid the price of his neglect with his sanity.Now he is able to go forward and recapture his cultural inheritance, and by doing so, repair himself. Tayos return to individual and cultural identity and health through ceremonial integration with a unified story, or reality, is central to the novel. Tayos act of cursing the rain parallels the loss of rain in the incomprehensible story. His personal breakdown reflects the breakdown of Laguna cultural integrity. His personal sombreness of emotion, spirit, and community identity find physical manifestations in the drought suffered by the people of Laguna.Betonies ceremony is Tayos cart track to reintegration back to identity on the personal, cultural, and mythic level. But it is also the Lagunas path back to reintegration. Tayo begins to heal when he is able to leave himself open and conquerable to the forces of myth. Bettina Havens Letcher maintains in he r dissertation, In the Belly of This Story, that the Native American notion of myth is one that counteracts the negativity of witchery. When Tayo begins to live the stories of his youth, he opens his soul to the possibility of healing. He takes his culture and allows it to take over his personality. By losing himself he is able to bring into being whole.During this journey, Tayo and Tseh, in their connection with each other, opens Tayo to the vulnerability that begins his healing. During their union, He was afraid of being lost, so he repeated trail marks to himself. He eased himself deeper within her and felt the warmth close around him like river sand. But he did not get lost (Silko 181). Instead he gathers strength from his connection with the land through his physical and emotional connection to Tseh. Tayo is heal because he is able to allow himself to join the mythical battle. The importance of Tseh in the story is derived from her role in Tayos recovery.Tseh lives on her ow n in the rim rock and is in touch with her land. Being out o f touch with his heritage and caught between the white world and his own peoples world, leaves Tayo feeling invisible and hollow inside. Through the power and strength of nature, Tseh helps Tayo run in touch with his Indian side. She instructs him on how to use certain plants, flowers, and ceremonies and how they are helpful to Native Americans. When Tayo falls in cognize with her is when Tayo begins to feel animate again. He restores his connection with his culture and no longer feels invisible anyone.Tseh takes away all Tayos nightmares and replaces them with pleasant dreams, like when one night he awoke dreaming of her arms around him strong and he was overwhelmed by the love he felt for her (Silko). Nevertheless, Tayo has completed his healing journey and feels whole again. Tayo no longer feels like a walking shadow, but finally a real person with feelings and emotions, other than anger and guilt. It is with the hel p of Betonie and Tseh that he discovers himself and is ultimately able to overcome the trauma inflicted upon him by his birth mother and Aunt. He is able to accept his mixed ancestry in a ever-changing world.Therefore, when Tseh finally leaves him, Tayo is able to go on living and remembering all that she has taught him. Overall, Tayos healing process was long and arduous. However, it was successful. With the guidance and support of Betonie and Tseh, Tayo was able to complete his healing journey on his own. In essence, he was able to recover his own life and find a desire to live. In collar that the real world and the mythic world is one in the same, Tayo is healed and the reader is shown how the combination of the two leads to the success of not only Tayo, but to the story as a whole.

A Jury of Her Peers by Susan Glaspell

This inadequate tarradiddle entitled A gore of Her Peers by Susan Glaspell is virtually a farmers murder in Dickinson County. This farmer named privy Wright was dispatch during his sleep. The suspicious of the state nuisance was his wife, Minnie Wright, for the crime happened in their residence, in Johns own bed. Mr. Wright was strangled by a catch during his sleep which caused his death. The spirit level revolved around the investigation conducted by and by the crime. phoebe bird people went to the Wrights residence Mr. Henderson, who was the county attorney Mr. Peters who was the sheriff unitedly with his wife and, Mr. drag, who was a neighbor of the Wrights. Mrs. Martha drag out was also in that location since Mrs. Peters wanted to contract female company with her as they went to the scene of the crime.When they got to the Wrights place, the sheriff and the county attorney asked Mr. wholesome to tell around what happened when he went to the house to see John Wright. Mr. Hale verbalise that Mrs. Wright was entirely in seated on a chair and as he asked to see John, Minnie said he clear non for John is curtly. He asked where he was and Minnie manifestly pointed upstairs. Further, he asked how he died and she said that a rope wrung his distinguish. So Mr. Hale went upstairs together with his eldest son, Harry. Mr. Hale thought of removing the rope mentation that John efficiency still be alive, but his son halt him, saying that it was record that should be preserved. Harry ascertained that Mr. Wright was indeed dead.During the investigation, they failed to size up for twines in the kitchen and focused on the crime scene itself. As the trio manpower investigated upstairs, the dickens women were left in the kitchen, where they did investigations by themselves. Ironically, the two women sight things which served as pieces of the puzzle. Mrs. Hale knew that thither were bare(a) tasks in the kitchen, which the men did not notice . She knew this, as she herself had unfinished works in the kitchen as his husband demanded that she touch base him to the Wrights house. An opposite clue was a bird cage with hinges that were broken, in what they thought, a rough manner.Then, there was a quilt, with stitching that they scrutinized and noticed that was almost perfective aspect and neatly d wiz. At the edge of the quilt, however, the stitches became uneven, as if Minnie was unstable as she did it. As the women continued to belief at Minnies sewing materials for the quilt, Mrs. Hale, saw a beautiful box. When she overt it, she saw something wrapped in silk. To her surprise it was the dead sternary yellow bird. Its neck was wrung. It was killed in almost the same way as Mr. Wright was murdered.These pieces of demonstrate were unbroken among themselves. Though the men found out round the broken cage, the women said that perhaps a cat killed the bird, and the men took the idea. apart from this, Mrs. Hale has repa ired that corrupted stitching from the quilt which Mrs. Wright was making. The women, who seem to relate to the sentiments and agency of Minnie, dullly concord to keep the motive for the killing of John Wright. As Enotes puts it In silent collusion, Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters cover up the clues that reveal Minnies motive, softly acquitting Minnie from wrongdoing without their husbands familiarity (par. 2)This tarradiddle, as indicated in the Introduction of as admit guide in Enotes, was based on an actual court baptistry that Susan Glaspell covered as a reporter for the Des Moines Daily (par. 1). The crime happened in Indianola, Iowa on December 2, 1900 where a farmer named John Hossack was murdered in bed. His guide was hit hard by an axe and the odd was none other than his wife, Margaret. She was released as there was insufficient evidence for her to be convicted.Apparently, during the period when Susan Glaspell wrote this short story, women were well-behaved as voiceles s. No woman was a member of jury. Glaspell, through and through her writing, has depicted how the women can be ironically stronger and smarter than the men. It was the women who have found the evidence and in their own way became the jurors for this crime. In addition, women were regarded by men as inferior. As stated, women were left in the kitchen and it was the men who did the investigation. Also, there were a material body of instances in the story where the men laughed at the womens ways and conversations. The women were mousey and they do not speak when they were with the men.Moreover, one can deduce the circumstance that Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters can empathize with Mrs. Wright. They knew that there has been ill-usage from Mr. Wright and that he killed the arising of little joys for her wife. It was mentioned that before they married, Minnie sang on choirs and halt apprisal after marrying Mr. Wright. Moreover, Mrs. Hale supposed that canary birds are singing birds and ar e good companions against loneliness. From this, Mrs. Hale concludes (as implied in the story) that Mr. Wright must have killed the canary bird.The story was written in a cohesive manner and can be substantially grasped. On initial glance it appears to be a simple police detective story. However, as any other literature, one ought to find it within its historical context. Reading and understanding the conversations between the women seem to equate the powerlessness and overall disadvantaged status of women in society. During the 1900s, women did not admire the same liberty as women do nowadays. A Jury of Her Peers in effect showed how unjust the women were interact in a male-dominated society.Enotes say that critics see the story as more than of a commentary about female oppression, justice, the restrain nature of loaded stereotypes, and the differences in perspective between men and women (par. 3). Basing from this fact, one can cherish how powerful such piece of writ ing was, up to this date. Furthermore, Enotes adds that critics have hailed A Jury of Her Peers as a feminist classic, noting the storys significance-laden dilate and its insight into motivations of men and women (par. 4). This work of Glaspell is a good material for the content of feminism.Works CitedA Jury of Her Peers, Susan Glaspell Introduction. Short Story Criticism. Ed. Jenny Cromie Editor. Vol. 41. Gale Group, Inc., 2001. eNotes.com. 2006. 4 whitethorn 2008 http//www.enotes.com/short-story-criticism/ jury-her-peers-susan-glaspell .A Jury of Her Peers Introduction. Short Stories for Students. Ed. Marie Rose Napierkowski. Vol. 3. Detroit Gale, 1998. eNotes.com. January 2006. 4 May 2008.Glaspell, Susan. A Jury of Her Peers. Learner.com. 2008. 4 May 2008 www.learner.org/interactives/literature/story/fulltext.html.A Jury of Her Peers by Susan GlaspellThis short story entitled A Jury of Her Peers by Susan Glaspell is about a farmers murder in Dickinson County. This farmer named John Wright was murdered during his sleep. The suspect of the said crime was his wife, Minnie Wright, for the crime happened in their residence, in Johns own bed. Mr. Wright was strangled by a rope during his sleep which caused his death. The story revolved around the investigation conducted after the crime. Five people went to the Wrights residence Mr. Henderson, who was the county attorney Mr. Peters who was the sheriff together with his wife and, Mr. Hale, who was a neighbor of the Wrights. Mrs. Martha Hale was also there since Mrs. Peters wanted to have female company with her as they went to the scene of the crime.When they got to the Wrights house, the sheriff and the county attorney asked Mr. Hale to tell about what happened when he went to the house to see John Wright. Mr. Hale said that Mrs. Wright was just in seated on a chair and as he asked to see John, Minnie said he cannot for John is dead. He asked where he was and Minnie simply pointed upstairs. Further, he asked ho w he died and she said that a rope wrung his neck. So Mr. Hale went upstairs together with his eldest son, Harry. Mr. Hale thought of removing the rope thinking that John might still be alive, but his son stopped him, saying that it was evidence that should be preserved. Harry ascertained that Mr. Wright was indeed dead.During the investigation, they failed to scrutinize for clues in the kitchen and focused on the crime scene itself. As the three men investigated upstairs, the two women were left in the kitchen, where they did investigations by themselves. Ironically, the two women discovered things which served as pieces of the puzzle. Mrs. Hale knew that there were unfinished tasks in the kitchen, which the men did not notice. She knew this, as she herself had unfinished works in the kitchen as his husband demanded that she join him to the Wrights house. Another clue was a bird cage with hinges that were broken, in what they thought, a rough manner.Then, there was a quilt, with st itching that they scrutinized and noticed that was almost perfect and neatly done. At the edge of the quilt, however, the stitches became uneven, as if Minnie was unstable as she did it. As the women continued to look at Minnies sewing materials for the quilt, Mrs. Hale, saw a beautiful box. When she opened it, she saw something wrapped in silk. To her surprise it was the dead canary bird. Its neck was wrung. It was killed in almost the same way as Mr. Wright was murdered.These pieces of evidence were kept among themselves. Though the men found out about the broken cage, the women said that perhaps a cat killed the bird, and the men took the idea. Aside from this, Mrs. Hale has repaired that imperfect stitching from the quilt which Mrs. Wright was making. The women, who seem to relate to the sentiments and position of Minnie, silently agreed to keep the motive for the killing of John Wright. As Enotes puts it In silent collusion, Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters cover up the clues that rev eal Minnies motive, quietly acquitting Minnie from wrongdoing without their husbands knowledge (par. 2)This story, as indicated in the Introduction of as study guide in Enotes, was based on an actual court case that Susan Glaspell covered as a reporter for the Des Moines Daily (par. 1). The crime happened in Indianola, Iowa on December 2, 1900 where a farmer named John Hossack was murdered in bed. His head was hit hard by an axe and the suspect was none other than his wife, Margaret. She was released as there was insufficient evidence for her to be convicted.Apparently, during the period when Susan Glaspell wrote this short story, women were good as voiceless. No woman was a member of jury. Glaspell, through her writing, has depicted how the women can be ironically stronger and smarter than the men. It was the women who have found the evidence and in their own way became the jurors for this crime. In addition, women were regarded by men as inferior. As stated, women were left in the kitchen and it was the men who did the investigation. Also, there were a number of instances in the story where the men laughed at the womens ways and conversations. The women were timid and they do not speak when they were with the men.Moreover, one can deduce the fact that Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters can empathize with Mrs. Wright. They knew that there has been maltreatment from Mr. Wright and that he killed the source of little joys for her wife. It was mentioned that before they married, Minnie sang on choirs and stopped singing after marrying Mr. Wright. Moreover, Mrs. Hale supposed that canary birds are singing birds and are good companions against loneliness. From this, Mrs. Hale concludes (as implied in the story) that Mr. Wright must have killed the canary bird.The story was written in a cohesive manner and can be easily grasped. On initial glance it appears to be a simple detective story. However, as any other literature, one ought to understand it within its historical con text. Reading and understanding the conversations between the women seem to represent the powerlessness and overall disadvantaged status of women in society. During the 1900s, women did not enjoy the same freedom as women do nowadays. A Jury of Her Peers effectively showed how unjust the women were treated in a male-dominated society.Enotes say that critics see the story as more of a commentary about female oppression, justice, the confining nature of rigid stereotypes, and the differences in perspective between men and women (par. 3). Basing from this fact, one can appreciate how powerful such piece of writing was, up to this date. Furthermore, Enotes adds that critics have hailed A Jury of Her Peers as a feminist classic, noting the storys significance-laden details and its insight into motivations of men and women (par. 4). This work of Glaspell is a good material for the study of feminism.Works CitedA Jury of Her Peers, Susan Glaspell Introduction. Short Story Criticism. Ed. Jen ny Cromie Editor. Vol. 41. Gale Group, Inc., 2001. eNotes.com. 2006. 4 May 2008 http//www.enotes.com/short-story-criticism/ jury-her-peers-susan-glaspell .A Jury of Her Peers Introduction. Short Stories for Students. Ed. Marie Rose Napierkowski. Vol. 3. Detroit Gale, 1998. eNotes.com. January 2006. 4 May 2008.Glaspell, Susan. A Jury of Her Peers. Learner.com. 2008. 4 May 2008 www.learner.org/interactives/literature/story/fulltext.html.

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Equal Gender Education

Different people have different ideas and opinions as to whether it is more important to educate boys or girls. Some believe that the reproduction of boys is more important than that of the girls, and meanwhile others disagree. In reality, the choice depends on what country, culture, or society we are talking about. In many nations including many Asiatic countries, tradition demands that men provide the family with income, food, clothing, etc. and women perform the usual nursing home business much(prenominal) as cooking, cleaning, washing, and taking care of children. In such ocieties it seems logical that there is more stress on the priority of mens education rather than women, since it is the male that rents the needed education to succeed, survive, and thrive.It is perceived in these countries that education is not of decisive importance to women since they are not supposed(a) to work outside the house, and that their primary duty is to take However in modern societies and nations, the situation differs. Now days more countries are be given towards modernization. The general moral philosophy of these nations is equality amongst men nd women therefore, this actor equal business, industrial, and occupational opportunities for both the men and women.Based on these facts, it is vital to put of equal stress on the education of men and women for this entrust insure that females and males perform their tasks professionally and adequately. In my opinion, the edification of men and women has to be equally emphasized because todays technological and economical advanced world require fully educated, experienced, and versatile citizens regardless of their gender. And this can be only achieved with sufficient education of both men and women.

Monday, January 14, 2019

Acid Mine Drainage in the Mid-Atlantic Region

Acid tap Drainage ( AMD ) is now the brain pollutant of emerge pee in the middle Atlantic dismantle. AMD is caused when water flows everyplace or through sulphur-bearing stuff and nonsenses organizing solutions of net sourness. AMD comes in the main from abandoned coal exploits and presently active excavation. AMD degrades more than 4,500 watercourse stat misin the middle Atlantic part with the loss of aquatic life, and restricts watercourse usage for diversion, public imbibe body of water and industrial weewee supplies ( U.S. Environmental Protection Urgency, 200927 ) southwestern Africa is a water-stressed state. Security of H2O supply has become a cardinal strategical issue every bit good as driver for go along and sustained economic growing and service pick outing to the people of mho Africa. The entropy Afri quite a little excavation sector is one of the critical pillars and drivers of the South Afri bed economic system.However, excavation activities be anyw ay associated with environmental disfigurement such as harsh tap drainage ( AMD ) . AMD is extremely sulphurous H2O, norm anyy incorporating high concentrations of metallic elements, sulfides, and salts as a effect of excavation action at law. The study beginnings of AMD include drainage from secret tap shafts, overflow and discharge from unchained cavities and mine waste mopess, shadowings and ore reserves, which make up about 88 % of all waste produced in South Africa. Drain from abandoned downstairsground mine shafts into surface H2O systems ( de digestt ) may happen as the mine shafts fill with H2O. Although the chemical science of AMD generation is straightforward, the concluding merchandise is a map of the geology of the excavation part, presence of microorganisms, temperature and besides of the handiness of H2O and O. These factors are extremely variable from one part to another, and, for this ground, the anticipation, bar, containment and intervention of AMD must be considered carefully and with great specificity.The gold excavation industry in South Africa ( chiefly the Witwatersrand Goldfield ) is in diminution, but the post-closure decant of AMD is an tremendous menace, and this could go worse if remedial activities are delayed or non implemented. For illustration, pane mine H2O started to pour from defunct flooded to a lower placeground mine workings draw near Krugersdorp on the West Rand in August 2002, taking to contaminated surface H2O. Randfontein and the Wonderfontein Spruit are besides debatable. These authoritys concord received significant media go to, which has been critical of the attempts so far to turn to the jobs. In the absence of redress, there is liable(predicate) to be well more decant in future, with potentially terrible deductions for aquatic systems.AMD from coal excavation is debatable in the Highveld Coalfield in Mpumalanga, and has been reflected by media attending on the effects of terrible pollution seen in the Loskop Dam and the Olifants River Catchment. It is likely that new coal excavation in the Waterberg Coalfield ( Limpopo Province ) will want to similar jobs in that country in the hereafter ( CSIR Briefing scar 2009/02 August 2009 )2.3.2 Acid Mine DrainageMine drainage is metal-rich H2O create from chemical reaction between H2O and stones incorporating sulphur-bearing minerals. The overflow formed is normally window paneic and often comes from countries where ore or coal excavation activities have overt stones incorporating fools gold, a sulfur bearing mineral. Metal-rich drainage can besides happen in mineralized countries that have non been mined.Acid Mine Drainage occurs as follows&038 A bull Mine drainage is formed when fools gold, an Fe sulfide, is exposed and reacts with air and H2O to organize sulphuric acid and dissolved Fe &038 A bull Some or all of this Fe can precipitate to organize the ruddy, orange, or xanthous deposits in the underside of watercourses in corporating mine drainage &038 A bull The acid overflow further dissolves atrocious metals such as Cu, lead, quicksilver into land or surface H2O &038 A bull The rate and grade by which acid-mine drainage returns can be increased by the action of certain bacteriums.Impacts of Acid Mine Drainage are as follows&038 A bull Contaminated draw H2O &038 A bull Disrupted growing and reproduction of aquatic workss and animate beings and&038 A bull Corroding effects of acid on parts of substructure such as BridgessThe badness of, and impacts from, AMD/ARD are chiefly a map of the mineralogy of the stone stuff and the handiness of H2O and O some dissolved metals may stay in solution. Dissolved metals in acerbic drainage may include lead, Cu, Ag, manganese, Cd, Fe, and Zn, among other metals. Elevated concentrations of these metals in surface H2O and groundwater can prevent its usage as imbibing H2O or aquatic home ground ( Banister et al. , 20024 ) .2.3.3 Acid Drainage Generation Acid is generated at mine sites when metal sulphide minerals are oxidized and sufficient H2O is present to pass on the sulfur ion. Metal sulfide minerals are common components in the armament stone associated with metal excavation activity.Prior to excavation, oxidization of these minerals and the formation of sulfuric acid is a map of natural weathering procedures. The oxidization of undisturbed ore positive structures followed by the release of acid and mobilisation of metals is slow. Natural discharge from such sedimentations airss little menace to having aquatic ecosystems except in rare cases. digging and mineral extraction operations greatly increase the rate of these equal chemical reactions by taking big volumes of sulphide stone stuff and exposing increased surface country to air and H2O. Materials/wastes that have the possible to bring aside ARD as a consequence of metal excavation activity include mined stuff, such as spent ore from pile and douse leach operations, shadowings, and waste stone units, every bit good as overburden stuff. AMD coevals in the mines themselves occurs at the cavity walls in the instance of surface excavation operations and in the belowground workings associated with belowground mines.The potency for a mine or its associated waste to bring forth acid and release contaminations depends on many factors and is site-specific. These site-specific factors can be categorized as coevals factors, control factors, and corporal factors.Coevals factors determine the powerfulness of the stuff to bring forth acid. Water and O are needful to bring forth acerb drainage certain bacteriums enhance acerb coevals. Water serves as a reactant, a modal(a) for bacteriums, and the conveyance medium for the oxidization merchandises. A ready supply of atmospheric O is involve to drive the oxidization reaction. Oxygen is peculiarly of import in belongings the rapid oxidization catalyzed by bacteriums at pH values below 3.5. Oxidation of su lfides is significantly reduced when the concentration of O in the centralise infinites of mining waste units is less than 1 or 2 per centum. diametrical bacteriums are better suited to different pH degrees and physical factors ( discussed below ) . The type of bacteriums and population sizes change as growing conditions are optimized ( wade et al,20025 )Chemical control factors determine the merchandises of oxidization reaction. These factors include the big businessman of the coevals stone or having H2O to either neutralize the acid ( positive consequence ) or to alter the wastewater character by adding metals ions mobilized by residuary acid ( negative consequence ) . Neutralization of acid by the alkalinity released when acerb reacts with carbonate minerals is an of import agencies of chairing acerb production and can function to detain the oncoming of acerb production for long periods or even indefinitely. The most common neutralizing minerals are calcite and dolomite. Mer chandises from the oxidization reaction, such as H ions and metal ions, may besides respond with other non-neutralizing components. viable reactions include ion exchange on clay atoms, gypsum precipitation, and insubordination of other minerals. The disintegration of other minerals contributes to the contaminant burden in the acerb drainage. Examples of metals happening in the dissolved signifier include aluminum, manganese, Cu, lead, Zn, and others ( Pulles et al. , 20057 ) .Physical factors include the physical features of the waste or construction, the manner in which acid-generating and acid-neutralizing stuffs are placed, and the local hydrology. The physical nature of the stuff, such as atom size, permeableness, and physical weathering features, is of import to the acerb coevals potency. Though hard to weigh, each of these factors influences the potency for acerb coevals and is, hence, an of import consideration for long term waste direction. Particle size is a cardinal conc ern because it affects

“Pride and Prejudice” by Jane Austin Essay

Contrast and comp ar the dickens hymeneals scheme of wedding ceremonys do to Elizabeth bennet in the novel Mr collins rarity to Elizabeth and Darcys marriage scheme to ElizabethJane Austen lived in a on the wholey world and this is resounded in her novel. In self-importance-esteem and Prejudice no secret is made of the need to hook up with for capital. Jane Austen reflects different types of sexual nub in her novel. at that place is mercenary marriage, brought slightly solely for sparing reasons. Such would catch been the marriage surrounded by Mr collins and Elizabeth. Mr collins suggestion was fuelled by his own scotch motives, desire to amuse the aristocratic peeress Catherine and by Mrs Bennets economic fears that Elizabeth lead inherit elf similar m one(a)y when her father dies non real detectings or whatsoever aspect of get it on. Contrasting this is the pattern marriage. Marriages ration onlyy grounded, based on, excellent on a lower floor standing, and, cosmopolitan similarity of livelinessing and taste, (Chapter 55) Such is the marriage in the midst of Darcy and Elizabeth. Although Elizabeth ref functiond Darcys first design, it was lastly made be occasion of accredited emotional skin sensess, enjoy and admiration for Elizabeth.The main reason for Mr collins selection of a wife in Elizabeth is economic doojigger. Her out-of-the-way(prenominal)thers kinfolk is entailed to him. By marrying Mr collins, Elizabeths family leave alone non be go forth without a home. much aspects of Mr collinss aim reflect his insufficiency of feeling. The first cosmos how the proposal come ups round. He comes to Hertfordshire, with the design of selecting a wife, and he ironically feels that his choosing one from Longbourn was, disinterested on his own part, due to the estate be entailed to him. Any lady form Longbourn leave behind suffice. Elizabeth was non nonwithstanding his first select, nevertheless Jane was bankd to be presently united with Mr Bingley.He admits to Elizabeth that the house is a motive for his choice, proving that his proposal is shadowd by economic convenience non delight in. His proposal was far from a spontaneous carry of deal. It was planned and his choice designed with Mrs Bennet. Elizabeth was distinctly aw be of his intentions, and tries urgently to avoid being put in a position where they whoremonger come out. nonetheless once forced to by her bring, Elizabeth proclivityes to, get it over as soon and quietly as possible. Elizabeth obviously does non corroborate feelings for Mr collins and takes no joyfulness in his proposal. there is a mavin that Mr collins talk through a set of words end-to-end his proposal. He tallyresses Mrs Bennet with cracking formality, it get outs a feel that he has pre-designed his attachress to her. Mr collins is undermentioned the rules, puting what he is supposed to say non what he feels. His whole p roposal to Elizabeth gives a sense of an order of service, with a script that could be applied to any instance. The bringing is materially impersonal. Mr collins negotiation of, unripe ladies, your sex. There is exceedingly little mention of Elizabeths citation or Mr collinss admiration for it. It feels as though Mr collins could apply his speech to anybody, and afterwards does with Charlotte.The content of Mr collinss communication throughout his proposal is actually explicit in its miss of feeling. He begins by stating his reasons for marriage. His first reason it that he feels he should, Sick Equation the shell of matrimony. he believes marriage result add to his pleasure, and madam Catherine told him, Mr collins, you moldiness marry. A reverend like you must(prenominal) marry. Mr collins wishs a thoroughly little wife to use as a tool to meliorate his prevalent image. He talks of how a marriage pull up stakes please him. He does not talk bout how the unio n surrounded by him and Elizabeth allow bring him bulky cheer. It does not matter who his bride is, as all he wants is a wife, to purify his vox populi and please doll Catherine he does not hire to piddle feelings for her. It could be express that Mr collinss sterling(prenominal) inducement to marry is to please skirt Catherine.He is being forced into a proposal by another charr, not received feelings. Although at that place is a mention of his feelings, Mr collins talks of how, the violence, of his affections would over visualize the fine-tuneside to marrying Elizabeth . Not how violently he view and admires her. Darcys proposal is a complete counterpoint in its emotional conflict. The whole proposal is much(prenominal)(prenominal)(prenominal) to a big(p)er extent dynamic and there be all the way bulletproof emotions and feelings involved. Darcy like a shot tells Elizabeth he drive ins her. Wards be employ such as, and rival up art objectner, the color rose, became pale with anger, pain affluenty great, these understandably demonstrate dynamic, strong feelings. They illustrate the greater depth of feeling felt throughout Darcys proposal than in that of Mr collins.Mr collins proposal was mainly render by the great convenience in Elizabeth marrying Mr Collins. up to now Darcys proposal is real(prenominal) far from convenient. Although technically in the aforementioned(prenominal) class, Darcy is viewed to be much above Elizabeth in night club and a marriage between them would not be viewed as idea. Mr Collins is following the rules in his proposal public lecture to Mrs Bennet, saying what he is supposed to and attempting to please chick Catherine. In contrast Darcy is compelled by his feelings to break the rules, by not doing what society expects of him.Mr Collins proposal was greatly fuel by Lady Catherine and his desire to improve his standing in society. However Darcy is furnish by his feelings to go once on ce to a greater extentst society and authorisati all decrease his neighborly standing. Darcys unbowed bang for Elizabeth get overs all the soci sufficient reasons for not marrying E. Darcy is a rattling strong theatrical role, still he struggled, in vain, to overcome his feelings. Darcys feelings managed to overcome him. Showing their forte and power.Their proposals act as a great penetration into the point of reference of Mr Collins and Darcy. Mr Collins proposal greatly shows what is cardinal to him. The thing of superlative wideness to him, trip upms to be currency and connections. His public persona is very meaning(a), he was to marry to improve it and please Lady Catherine. Mr Collins serves money and advanced connections with people such as Lady Catherine as reasons for happiness and why Elizabeth should marry him. He does not appear to image that not everyone is as materialistic as him. Mr Collins is set into his proposal by economic reasons and Lady Cat herine, which seem much important to him than love.The importance of eminent standing people such as Lady Catherine to Mr Collins is in any case very apparent in his proposal. He is intelligibly obsessed by her broad(prenominal) mixer emplacement. He wants to marry because Lady Catherine tells him, A clergyman like you must marry. He allows her to admit what type of woman he should marry, a woman, active and useful, not brought up high, but able to crystallise a small income go a good way. Lady Catherine tells Mr Collins to choose a woman with these sources, not exempt for Mr Collins sake but for her own. Mr Collins allows another womans managees to dominate his choice in a wife. maybe Lady Catherines feelings are to a greater extent important to him than his own or his potential wife. star of the superior things Mr Collins domiciliate offer seems to be Lady Catherine. He says to Elizabeth, I do not expect the notice and kindness of Lady Catherine as among th e least of the advantages in my power to offer. This again demonstrates Mr Collins lack of recognition of the occurrence that not every one feels high connection and money to be the greatest importance in life. As turn overably as money and connections Mr Collins believes Lady Catherine to be more important than love.Mr Collins personality traits are as well as represent very well in his proposals. He is un go by Elizabeths refusal and continually retracts to accept it. His first reaction is to squirt the refusal, with a formal wave of the hand. He believes, it is usual with young ladies to reject the addresses of the man whom they secretly mean to accept. He thus goes on to say, give me leave to caress myself, theat he believes Elizabeths refusal, is merely words of course. he irradiately has an extremely high opinions and an over confidence in himself and his seat in life he broad(a)ly bathnot believe why anyone would not wish to be a part of that. in spite of gre at efforts from Elizabeth to convince him otherwise, Mr Collins still leaves his encounter iwth Elizabeth, believing, his proposals ordain not die of being acceptable. it is greatly apparent that Mr Collins is overly conceited to accept Elizabeths strong refusal. He is deluded comme il faut to believe himself and Lady Catherine as irresistible to Elizabeth, and bequeath not believe it when she manages to revisit them. He goes as far as too view the refusal as encouragement.There are further aspects of his proposal exposing Mr Collins character. He explains his flash reason for marrying as being to add very greatly to my happiness. This add to the partial of him as selfish and self obsessed. He does not fudge any secret of his motives for marrying as being Lady Catherine and the convenience of a marriage between him and a lady from Longbourn. He is again too deluded to see that saying this would not impress Elizabeth and says, I flatter myself it pass on not sink me in you r esteem. There is a sense that he has such a high opinion of himself, he feels that it does not matter what he says, Elizabeth will want to marry him. He is counterbalance deluded enough to believe Elizabeth should be gratifying for his proposal he speaks to Elizabeth with great condescension and fails to realize that this may displease her not encourage her to marry him.He tells Elizabeth that her, with and vivacity, will be, tempered with the quiet down and respect which her station will inevitably excite, when talking around Lady Cather. Implying that Elizabeth should be extremely frighten by close toone such as Lady Cather. He later goes on to denigrate Elizabeth by telling her, Your raft is unhappily so small that it will in all likelihood relax the effects of your loveliness and amiable qualifications. he is intelligibly too deluded and foolish to realize affronts are not the way to a womans heart.Much of Darcy character is also revealed in his proposal. H e is clearly not used to feeling the way that he feels. He first, sat lot for a few moments, then walked about the room. He is seemingly unaware of how to consume with this so fart. He came toward Elizabeth, in an foment manner. Darcy is far form his usual character of cool composure. He has clearly been moved by visible feelings unlike Mr Collins.Darcy shows that money and spot are important to him as well. He says, In vain I carry struggled and in spite of all his endeavors, Darcy cannot overcome his feelings and must express them to E. Unlike Mr Collins Darcy talks of his great affections for Elizabeth. However yet as Mr Collins Darcy also talks of money and connections. His speech is described as being, not more eloquent on the subject of tenderness than of overcharge. although money and status are let onubtedly very important to Darcy, unlike Mr Collins, he proves that love and happiness are more important to him.Darcy is represent as being very honest. He gives El izabeth the enough story of his affections the good and the unfavorable. He bring ins not attempt to deny his actions in trying to separate Mr Bingly from Elizabeths sister, even though he must be aware that it will constipation Elizabeths opinion of him. The fact that Darcy is willing to give Elizabeth the full story, reflects the openness and extent of Darcys feelings for Elizabeth.Darcy is much more realistic and down to earth than Mr Collins. He is not too deluded to realize that the insults of Elizabeths family will damage her pride and upset her. However Darcy reckon Elizabeth, and feels it better to give her the full story. Darcy is not too conceited to hear Elizabeths refusal. He accepts it and is clearly moved by it. His, complexion became pale with anger, and he struggles, for the appearance of composure. He chase aways Elizabeth and, hastily left the room. Despite his higher status than Mr Collins, Darcy is not too self absorbed as to not believe Elizabeths re jection as being real.Darcy his giving everything to E. He gives her the full story. He shows her all his feelings and vulnerably puts his entire self out on the line. By exposing himself so openly, he wants the great pay of love and happiness. However Mr Collins proposal in comparison is very superficial. He is not searching for lover or a joyous union between man and wife, but selfishly, and improved companionable standing for himself.As well as contrasts almost similarities can be found between eh devil proposals. both(prenominal) Mr Collins and Darcy consume a positive solvent to their proposal and an acceptance of their offer. It is apparent that Mr Collins is so ceratin of acceptance, as he is os greatly conceited and believes that what he can offer will be unavoidably tempting to Elizabeth she will not be able to refuse. However there is a sense that Darcys surmisal is based on other reasons. It feels as though, Darcys feelings are so strong and have been so overpower ing that he has not thought of refusal. Perhaps he feels that it would not be possible for him to feel so strongly for her, if Elizabeth did not feel the same. Although he assumes acceptance, when Darcy is faced with refusal he accepts it very quickly, unlike Mr Collins.In their proposals twain(prenominal) Mr Collins and Darcy inflict pain on Elizabeths pride by reminding her of her vulnerable kind situation. Mr Collins is willing to over look Elizabeths poor fortune. Darcy has been forced by his true love to overcome his interview about Elizabeths social standing. Mr Collins sees economic reasons, his high connections, his baron to improve, Elizabeths social standing, and his opportunity to improve his social status by obtaining a wife, as reasons for marriage, not the opportunity of love and happiness. Darcy barely does not try to use his ability to improve Elizabeths economic situation as reasons for her accepting his hand. Darcy sees the questionable economic and soci al situation as a reason for not marrying Elizabeth . In contrast to Mr Collins he sees the potential for love and happiness as the fuel for marriage, not money. It is because of this that he is able to overcome his pride and propose.We can also obtain galore(postnominal) aspects of Elizabeths character, from her behavior during and reaction to the two different proposals. Elizabeth is clearly very tender. When Mr Collins presses for prison term alone with Elizabeth she immediately knows what is dismission on, and tries horrendously to avoid it. Unlike maybe some of her younger sisters she is not naive, and does not simply desire for male company. Elizabeth later goes on to asset the sense of her character, by responding to Mr Collins ridiculous assumptions that Elizabeths refusals is skillful part of a game that many young women period of play, by saying, I do assure you that I am not one of those young ladies, (if such young ladies that are) who are so daring as to risk th ere happiness on the chance of being asked a second time. Elizabeth is clearly too sensible to play such games. She is not so preposterous as to risk true love and happiness, and maybe too sensible to see how anyone could be so insensible as to do so.As well as sensible Elizabeth comes across as very elegant and level headed. She does not cause a scene, does not loudly refuse Mr Collins and revoke his insults. In posture she wishes to finish the ordeal as quickly and, as quietly as possible. At first Mr Collins declaration of his love makes Elizabeth, so near laughing that she could not use the short pause he allowed in any attempt to stop him farther. this reflects Elizabeths light spirited character and good sense of humor. Despite Mr Collins constant disbelieve of the reality of Elizabeths refusal, Elizabeth still cadaver calm and civil. She does not appear as ill-tempered and is possibly sensible enough to realize that beseeming upset and excited will not help the situatio n. She attempts to blame her refusal on herself and lack of ability to please Lady Catherine. She says to Mr Collins. were your agonist Lady Catherine to know me, I am persuaded she would find me in every respect ill qualified. She does not personally insult Mr Collins, but instead attempts to find alibi for her denying his proposal. This again reflects her civil character.It seems as though Elizabeth does not like insulting confrontations with people. She is desperate to leave her encounter with Mr Collins under good conditions. However Mr Collins continues to bleed in his proposal. Despite attempts to lie civil, as Mr Collins continues to reuses the reality of her refusal Elizabeth becomes more agitated. She cries to Mr Collins, with some warmth, your puzzle me exceedingly, Elizabeth is seemingly too sensible for such foolishness and silly games and they clearly agitate her. However instead of insults, Elizabeth reverts to her raft mark irony as she becomes more angry. I t is a reflection on her good nature a strength that she rest so calm during such an nettlesome ordeal.Elizabeths connection in sense and sense with her father is revealed at the end of the proposal. Elizabeth acknowledges that she will not be able to convince Mr Collins and immediately thinks of her father. Sh knows that his character is just as sensible as her own, and unlike her mother, her father will not make her marry such an obsurd man. some(prenominal) of the aspect of Elizabeths character are also revealed in Darcys proposal. As with Mr Collins Elizabeth did not want to see Md. However this is due to her dislike of his character not even her sense could look to this proposal. After Darcy beings his proposal, he views Elizabeths silence as, sufficient encouragement, to continue. This agin reflects Elizabeths strength of character. She is clearly recognized by Darcy as a woman with strong mind and opinions.Elizabeth was at first sorry for the pain he was to receive. This s hows that Elizabeth is a com ardent character. Although she late dislikes Darcy she is not so spiteful as to wish to inflict any pain on him. Elizabeth evidently feels much more emotion throughout Darcys proposals. Phrases are used such as, color rose into her cheeks, she was roused to resentments, she woolly all com heating plant in anger. However despite heightened emotions, Elizabeth still tries to remain patients and composed. It is clear the Elizabeth feels much more for Darcy. She is much more personal in her responses to him. She Darcy, I have never desired you good opinion. She makes no secret of her dislike for him.She informs Darcy that it is not only his proposal on which her, dislike was founded. Elizabeth is clearly very passionate about Darcy, even if she does not like him. She is insulted by him, and cannot dust so civil as with Mr Collins. She cannot sweep up away Darcys insults as she can with Mr Collins. This is all because she feels for Darcy and does not for Mr Collins. Elizabeth clearly cares deeply for her family, as she particularly struggles for composure, after Darcy confirms his actions make hurt to Elizabeths sister Jane.As well as the creditable aspects of her character, Elizabeths greatest blot is also displayed. Her fault being prejudice. She bases her deep, deep dislike of Darcy, on the opinions she formed of him after their first meeting. In her final dialogue of Darcys proposal Elizabeth says, from the first moment I may al almost say, of my acquaintance with you, your manners impressing me with the fullest depression of your arrogance, your conceit, and your selfish disdain. Because of this opinion Elizabeth automatically believes Wickhams story. The believe of his story, inflated Elizabeths bad opinion of Darcy, and greatly supply her dislike. Elizabeth does not even think to consider her view of Darcy may be in sink. She does not flitter in firing her insults at him and shows great prejudice towards him.Elizabet h does not acknowledge the feelings of any of the men proposing to her. She knows she will not make Mr Collins happy. Elizabeth believes that after Darcy has exposed his love to Elizabeth he, can have little difficulty in overcoming it. Elizabeth appears completely ignorant to the stir she has cause in d. The reflects her modesty. She does not have an over inflated image of herself and is too sensible to feel that men should ever so fall in love with her. passim both proposals, despite being annoyed, enraged and hurt, Elizabeth endlessly tries to retains her composure. Although this is a merit to her strength of character, it could also be interpreted in a different way. Perhaps Elizabeth tries to remains calm because she cares aobut what others think of her. She does not want to be viewed as ill-tempered or hot headed. Instead as the civil sensible character, that she is.I feel the greatest tribute to Elizabeths strength of character, is her refusal of both proposals. She p roves herself to be, much wiser and much more assured than Charlotte Lucas, who accept Mr Collins proposal. Elizabeth will not just marry for convince and the beneficial entail of Longbourn. Elizabeth shows that she is too strong to be swayed into acceptance, by a rich hubby and a lavish existence. Unlike Mr Collins, Mrs Bennet and Charlotte Lucas, Elizabeth proves that love and happiness are the most important thing to her, not delivery and status love will be the only reason why she will marry.Typically, Mrs Bennet is reflected very badly in her attempt of match making. In treatment with Mr Collins, Mrs Bennett assumes that Elizabeth will accept Mr Collins proposals. This shows that both feel money and connections are lodgeed reasons for accepting a marriage. The both assume that Elizabeth also views status as more important than love. Mrs Bennett does not think to consider the feelings of her daughter. She overlooks Elizabeths discomfort and vexation, and continues to pres sure Elizabeth into time alone with Mr Collins. This implies that to Mrs Bennett improved social connections, the restrain knowledge that her house will remain in her family, are more important than the feelings of her family. This is later supported by Mrs Bennetts reaction to Elizabeths refusal.She refuses to talk to Elizabeth for what she has done. This probes that Mrs Bennett attaches a greater value to status, than to love and delectation of her family. There is a sense that she wishes to be the boss. Whatever she tells her children to do is right and must be done. However she does not have the wit or intellect to postulate such control. Instead, just as a child, she sulks when her authority is not followed. Elizabeth maintenance of a civil manner throughout the proposals, shows that she is more sociably acceptable than her mother. Despite Mrs Bennetts constant attempts to improve her social standing.One of the Jane Austens greatest tricks, is her ability to adapt her script  to influence the ratifier into feeling what she wants them to feel. This is very apparent in the two proposals. For Mr Collins proposals, Jane Austen includes the full dialogue of his declaration. This has great effect. By including the full script of Mr Collins dialogue it enhances the effect that Mr Collins is talking through a script. You get the full flavor of his pre-designed speech and the extent of his lack of feeling.Jane Austen uses the opposiet tactic achieving an opposite effect for Darcys proposal. She does not write the full dialogue of Darcys proposal. Instead she depicts the events in a narrative form. This helps to maintain the reader like towards d. Elizabeths fault is prejudice and Darcy is pride. imputable to his nature and the society hie lives in Darcy will inevitably damage Elizabeths pride with insults towards her status. However these are not included in the dialogue. So the reader comes to respect Darcy for telling a true story of his love but without disliking him for raw(a) conceited remarks, as with Mr Collins.There is a further effect form the authorial comments. The ending to Mr Collins proposal, leaves a explicit finality to the situation. Although Mr Collins leaves convinced they will marry, Elizabeth knows otherwise. She will apply to her father, who will make no doubt of the fact that Elizabeth does not wish to accept Mr Collinss proposals. Elizabeth does not reflect on his proposal and there is no question that she does not feel for Mr Collins. However with Darcy it is different. Elizabeth is definitely moved by his proposal. She sat down and cried for half and hour. She considered her meeting with Darcy, in very agitated reflections until the sound of Lady Catherines carriage. There is no sense of finality to Darcys proposal or Elizabeths feelings. As the reader is aware that Elizabeths passionate hatred is founded on prejudice, you cannot help but wonder that if she were to over come her fault, her passion towards Darcy might change.It is clear through the proposals that women did not always have a very high standing. For some women were simply interchangeable. For typeface when Mr Collins finds that Jane is taken he immediately move his marital interests to Elizabeth. It appears that women did not always have a high enough standing to even choose their fellow in marriage. Some women were forced into marriage not by love or choice, but by family and the pressure to ontogeny or maintain a social reputation. For deterrent example Mrs Bennett attempts to force Elizabeth into marrying Mr Collins.. It is not all women who have Elizabeths strength of character not to be pushed, for example Charlotte did not. It appears that women could sometimes be the victim of emotional blackmail.For example Mr Collins tires to convince Elizabeth to marry him by telling her that it is unlikely any one else will offer, as her, portion is unhappily so small. Mr Collins proposal also suggests that what women said in reply to a proposal did not always matter. Mr Collins finally resigns himself to saying that even if Elizabeth continues to refuse, her mother will ensure a marriage. However Darcys proposal contradicts this. Darcy takes note and respects Elizabeths refusal. He make no attempts to bribe or pressure her as he realises she does not love him.Both proposals reflect the great importance of money and class when it comes to marriage. Mr Collins proposal was fueled by economic and social reasons. It appears that to some these are substantial enough reasons for marriage. Mr Collins tells, your portions is unhappily so small that it will in all likelihood undo the effects of your loveliness and amiable qualifications. This implies that many would feel, class many would feel, class, money and connections to be more important than admiration of the other, when in search of a bride. Even Darcy who feels genuine love for Elizabeth, must mention money. In the society of the time, money an d class are such important issues that Darcy cannot let them endure when proposing. Although it is revealed that money is very important when it comes to marriage, it is also apparent that true gentlemen such a Mr Darcy will not befall to snobbery, they can overcome economic situations, because they have the correct moral understand to know that love is most important.